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          William & Mary

          部门锻造计划论文防御社会疏远的时代

          • Student looking at laptop screen
            在线卫冕:  William & Mary has suspended the requirement for doctoral candidates to defend their dissertations in person. Ph.D.-granting departments are considering a variety of approaches in the era of social distancing.  照片由斯蒂芬·salpukas
          照片 - 的 -

          更新: 如3月30日,研究生学习和研究办公室正在要求所有论文/论文防御,排位赛和综合考试和其他类似事件可以通过远程方式进行。
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          William & Mary’s move to modified academic operations is prompting departments to look into alternative ways of conducting dissertation defenses of Ph.D. candidates.

          The doctoral defense is a capstone event for Ph.D. students. Like most universities, William & Mary requires candidates for doctorates to defend their dissertations in person, a procedure that typically includes a public component as well as closed door 口头 与已监督工作委员会。

          In-person attendance at a dissertation defense is a matter of tradition and it’s also spelled out in the Graduate Arts & Sciences Catalog requirements. But the closing of the campus and implementation of social-distancing measures prompted the university to lift the in-person requirement until the institution returns to normal operations.

          “(R)emote participation by students will be permitted in colloquia, comprehensive exams, qualifying exams and dissertation/thesis defenses,” Virginia Torczon, William & Mary’s dean of graduate study, announced in an 电子邮件 攻读研究生课程的学生和教师。 “学生可以关闭通过Skype参加的校园,在此期间放大或其他远程手段。”

          The announcement of the suspension of in-person participation came after Torczon solicited members of the  Arts & Sciences Committee on Graduate Studies by 电子邮件 on March 12.

          “我收到了几乎立即第二次运动,我的初始请求小时内有利于有八个出票十。没有人反对的投票,” torczon说。 “我一扣扳机,一旦我有一个明确的群体。”

          教育的学校已经安排春假后第一周众多的防御,并迅速采取行动,以保持轨道上博士研究生,通过变焦进行论文防御的时候了。

          教育学校 博士生手册 只需要在学位论文答辩委员会的所有成员存在,或者亲自或实质上,那防御开到了大学社区,所以在法规的变化是没有必要的。

          “我在网上活动的最后论文的主要优先任务是确保学生感到舒服的技术,也一起离开了积极的经验,以作为自己的博士经历一个顶峰,说:”帕梅拉涡流,教授,系主任教育政策,规划和领导。

          到目前为止,教育博士研究生13学校实际上已经通过变焦捍卫论文。博士研究生通常按响了下课铃,位于庭院庆祝论文的成功防守,而通过学位论文答辩委员会,朋友和家人包围. 虽然这心爱的传统一直必然搁置,教师和学生期待在未来重建的时刻。

          “我期待有一个‘做,在’时间,使毕业的学生回铃在历史悠久的方式庆祝防御中的重要部分,”之称的涡流。

          William & Mary’s School of Marine Sciences at the 弗吉尼亚海洋科学研究所 has adopted a similar policy as Arts & Sciences. An 电子邮件 to the VIMS community from Linda Schaffner, associate dean of academic studies, notes that thesis and dissertation defenses can be conducted remotely.

          细节正在以VIMS以及在威廉斯堡校园部门制定。各种方法正在考虑。

          “我相信放大将成为我们很好的社会孤立的时期,”迈克尔·刘易斯,计算机科学大学的系主任说。 “我们刚刚使用变焦两小时的教授会和我很高兴它是如何进行的。”

          杰夫·纳尔逊,在物理系研究生课程主任,说他的部门将尽力保留亲自元素,至少安排在暑假前的论文答辩。

          “我们预计这将是当地居民在室内以及变焦观众休息以保持公众的混合,”他说。 “如果条件发生变化,也只会是通过放大。”

          马丁·加利文,人类学系主任,说他的部门有过的博士论文答辩会如何进行初步讨论,但还没有一个最终的方案解决。

          “我们的论文防御委员会驱动的过程,所以委员会主席将必须签署过任何方法,我们最终的土地上,”他说。 “我们要适应学生接受国防和他们尽可能委员会。

          Each department follows its own procedure for defenses, and most vary little from what Gallivan outlined for doctoral candidates in anthropology — the student’s dissertation summary, a public question and answer session then a closed-door Q&A with just the candidate and the committee.

          “朝向这种结构的任何眼睛,让事情简单的和冗余的目标,我们正在考虑,结合‘异步’和‘同步’的内容论文的防御,”他说。

          Gallivan went on to explain that the idea is to begin with the asynchronous aspect, in which the candidate would record their dissertation summary. The likely app for the summary capture would be Panopto, William & Mary’s lecture-capture software.

          The department will post the pre-recorded summary on Blackboard or another online utility. The next part begins with standard operating procedure: Gallivan said the department sends out invitations to the anthropology department community and to the wider university community through the daily William & Mary Digest 电子邮件 announcements.

          唯一的区别,他说,有兴趣的与会者RSVP,使他们能够加入到黑板网站,在那里他们可以观看预先录制的总结。

          The synchronous aspect begins with the public portion of the defense, in which the candidate answers questions through Zoom or another online meeting utility. A second Zoom session, for the candidate and the committee only, will take the place of the closed-door, in-person Q &A.

          “我们的手指交叉,这将工作,”加利文说。

          网上学位论文答辩不需要被分为异步和同步组件。刘易斯说,这很可能是计算机科学将通过变焦做整条后防线。他表示,该部门是用来在诉讼在线参与,学位论文答辩委员会的成员从亚洲或欧洲经常参加远程。

          “我想我们会按照防御以往的结构,”刘易斯说。 “首先有一个公共的谈话,从观众和委员会悬而未决的问题。届时观众被要求离开,但委员会依然质疑的候选人。最后,候选人叶和委员会讨论当中本身“。

          刘易斯说,防守的每个阶段将有可能在变焦:“有变焦的专业版是真的要帮忙,”他补充说。

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